Buddhism

 Buddhism Article
  • 07.08.2019
  • 81
  • Yoga

Lecture 9 Buddhist Effect on Chinese Language and Books 1 . Intro 1 . Oriental and literary works have been seriously influenced simply by Buddhism as there are a large number of new words, new ideas and new ideas introduced in to Chinese with the translation of Buddhist scriptures which lasted for more than one thousand years. installment payments on your The history of Buddhist translation traditionally can be divided into 3 periods, initially is called the archaic translation from the Ryan dynasty for the end of third 100 years, second is called the ancient translation in the time of Kumārajīva at the beginning of 4th century for the mid of seventh century, third is known as the new translation from the time of Xuanzang in the mid of seventh century to the end of Track dynasty inside the twelfth century when the entire translation activity ended. three or more. There are a lot more than 200 well-known translators and 2100 even more translated scriptures about 6000 more Chinese scrolls. 5. In the length of archaic translation, the popular early translators are An Shigao 安世高 (148-170) from Parthian and Lokakṣema 支婁迦讖 (168-188) from Scythia who released and translated Buddhist scriptures. But their translations were unorganized. 5. After during Far eastern Jin empire, Daoan 道安 (312—385), a learned China, who the first time organized translation committees with the support of King Fujia 苻堅 of Former Qin (前秦 351-394). 6. However , it was simply Kumārajīva 鳩 摩 羅 什 (343-413) who standardized the Buddhist terminologies as they knew already Chinese if he came to Chinese suppliers in 402. 7. Kumārajīva's translation panel was not simply supported by Ruler Yaoxing 姚興 of Second option Qin 後秦, but as well attracted a lot of Chinese the literati who were enthusiastic about Buddhism plus some of them possibly became Buddhist monks including Sengzhao 僧肇 who was amply trained in Chinese language classics. almost 8. With these kinds of learned Chinese language people to support him, Kumārajīva was able to convert a large number of Buddhist scriptures and in addition corrected and retranslated various early translations. 9. Kumārajīva's translation is usually smooth and readable as well as today all of us still work with his translation of the recognized the Lotus Sutra《法華經》, the Diamond Sutra, although there is also

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snel available. 12. During the Upper and The southern part of dynasties (420-581), because of the emperors and kings were considering Buddhism plus the chaos of fighting helped bring suffering to ordinary people thus Buddhism blossomed in China and tiawan and many translators came to Cina and translated a large number of Buddhist scriptures. 11. According to the Kaiyuan Buddhist Catalogue《開元釋教錄》, there were 67 translators who have translated 750 texts in 1750 fascicles between 420 to 589. 12. Between these interpraters, Paramārtha 真諦 (499—569) deserves our interest because he presented the Yogācāra school from India initially with many snel. 13. During Sui and Tang dynasties, there were two eminent interpraters Xuanzang 玄奘 (602-664) and Yijing 義淨 (635-713) who were both Chinese language and attended India looking for Buddhist scriptures and slept in India for many years. 18. Their goedkoop are the the majority of faithful and accurate because they both knew both Sanskrit and Chinese language. The above will be the four wonderful translators in Chinese Buddhist history. 12-15. The Buddhist translation held up for a 1000 years in China and ended up by the end of Track dynasty. How much Buddhist scriptures translated in Chinese is around more than three thousand text messages. 16. Since the Indian ways of pondering are different from Chinese language, so their very own ways of phrase are also different from Chinese. Therefore , the interpraters of Buddhist scriptures had to invent and introduce many new words in order to express the highly summary ideas and concepts in Buddhism aside from finding comparable words and concepts in Chinese language. 18. Thus these new terms and principles gradually have already been integrated into Chinese language and some of these even turn into part of our day to day conversation. installment payments on your Buddhist impact on...


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